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Kamis, 07 Juli 2011

Manchester United

Founded: 1878
Address: Old Trafford, Manchester England
Phone: 0161.86.88.000
Fax: 0161.86.88.804
Email: enquiries@manutd.co.uk
Official URL: http://www.manutd.com
Chairman: Joel & Avram Glazer
Club Director: David Gill

Club History

Manchester United roared back to form last season to reclaim the Premier League title they had last won in 2002-03. It might have been a Double but Chelsea beat them in a forgettable FA Cup final, while AC Milan outsmarted them in the semi-final of the Champions League - but only after United had eclipsed AS Roma in the quarters with a breathtaking 7-1 victory in the second leg at Old Trafford. That was United at their very best, and if they only scaled such heights occasionally they were certainly good enough on a consistent basis to sweep to their ninth Premier League title. It was also the ninth title for the seemingly evergreen Sir Alex Ferguson. The managerial succession at Old Trafford will have to be addressed some time, but Ferguson shows no inclination to call it a day just yet. Indeed, he was looking ahead the moment the season ended, bringing in Owen Hargreaves, Nani and Anderson almost immediately, then adding Carlos Tevez when the issue of the Argentine's registration was finally resolved later in the summer. The new signings underlined that United are serious about defending their title. Ferguson knows they will need to be because their challengers are all stronger this season. A sluggish start to the 2007-08 campaign was not what the manager had planned, but there is every reason to believe United will be formidable adversaries again this season. Their latest title triumph ended a relatively barren spell in which "only" the FA Cup in 2004 and League Cup in 2006 were lifted. That was regarded as something of a trophy drought at Old Trafford. So United began the 2006-07 campaign desperate to be crowned Premiership champions again - and as always the Champions League was also high on their list of priorities. First Arsenal, and then more ominously Chelsea had knocked United off their pedestal, and the club's takeover by the Glazers changed the boardroom landscape. Ferguson had brought the club unprecedented success, but was under growing pressure to sustain it - something that became harder after Mourinho arrived at Stamford Bridge and the likes of Roy Keane,David Beckham and Ruud van Nistelrooy left Old Trafford. Against that background, United's 2007 title triumph was one of Ferguson's finest achievements. It owed much to the goals of Wayne Rooney and Cristiano Ronaldo, two of the brightest talents around.. It is a near-certainty that United will be in contention for all the major honours again this season. But this glamorous club's origins were somewhat more humble. In 1878, the dining room committee of the carriage and waggon works of the Lancashire and Yorkshire Railway Company formed Newton Heath L and YR Cricket and Football Club. They won the Manchester Cup in 1886 and in 1892 were elected to Division 1 of the Football League as Newton Heath. After North Road the club played at a ground on Bank Street, Clayton. But they struggled, especially after relegation in 1894, and by 1902 attendances had fallen to as low as 500 while debts had risen to £2,000. Just as Ardwick went bust in 1894 to be re-born immediately as Manchester City, Newton Heath went into liquidation in 1902 - only to be rescued by wealthy brewer John H. Davies, who converted the Heathens into Manchester United. The ambitious Davies took the massive risk, at the time, of buying a site five miles from Clayton, close to the Old Trafford cricket ground. Old Trafford officially opened on 19 February 1910. Liverpool were the visitors (and had the poor taste to win 4-3), but the obvious potential of a ground with an 80,000 capacity aroused jealousy of "Moneybags United", as they were quickly labelled. However, between the two world wars, United"s fortunes waned. They were relegated from the first Division in 1931, and only 3,500 turned up for their opening Second Division game. By Christmas 1931 the banks were prepared to pull the plug on United. Bankruptcy was only avoided by the intervention of another wealthy businessman, James Gibson. He paid off United's £30,000 debts, but the team continued to struggle and in 1934 only narrowly avoided relegation to the Third Division. Although the club"s return to the First Division in 1936 was only brief, bigger problems loomed. The stadium"s proximity to Trafford Park docks made it a prime target for German air raids when War broke out. In March 1941, bombs destroyed the Main Stand, dressing rooms and offices, as well as the United Road terrace and cover. United gratefully accepted City"s offer to share Maine Road, and were exiled from a forlorn-looking Old Trafford for the next eight years. Homeless and debt-ridden by the end of the War, United were saved this time by a run of success on the pitch - masterminded by former City star and now United manager Matt Busby. They returned to Old Trafford in August 1949. The first of Busby"s three great sides won the FA Cup in 1948 and the League championship in 1952, as well as finishing runners-up in the League four times in five seasons. When that ageing team broke up, Busby turned to youth with dazzling success. His Busby Babes might well have become England"s greatest ever club side. They won the League championship in 1956 and retained it in 1957 (when they unluckily lost the FA Cup Final), and in 1956-57 pioneered British entry into the European Cup, against the short-sighted wishes of the Football League. They reached the semi-finals at the first attempt, and had just reached the same stage the following season, by virtue of of 3-3 draw with Red Star Belgrade, when tragedy struck on 6 February 1958. The plane bringing the United party back from Yugoslavia touched down at Munich to refuel. In appalling weather conditions - a blizzard was blowing - the pilots attempted to get the plane home rather than stop over for a night. Attempting to take off from the icy runway for the third time, the plane was unable to get enough height and hit a house. Twenty-three of the passengers were killed, including eight of the legendary Busby Babes: Roger Byrne, Duncan Edwards, Mark Jones, Eddie Colman, Billy Whelan, Tommy Taylor, David Pegg and Geoff Bent. Busby himself was critically injured, while Johnny Berry and Jackie Blanchflower were unable to play again. Four survivors - Bobby Charlton, Bill Foulkes, Harry Gregg and Dennis Viollet - played for United in the FA Cup Final defeat against Bolton three months later, after a makeshift squad had reached the Wembley showpiece on a tide of national emotion. Busby then set about building another great side. By the mid-1960s, he"d succeeded. Charlton and Foulkes were links with the Babes, and with the addition of stars such as Denis Law and George Best, plus Pat Crerand, Nobby Stiles, Tony Dunne and Shay Brennan, United won the League title in 1965 and again in 1967. They were back in the European Cup, and in 1968 - ten years after Munich -Busby's dream was realised when United beat Benfica 4-1 at Wembley in extra-time. That was the high-point of Busby"s reign, and from then until the early 1970s the club fell into a slow decline, exacerbated when Busby, who stepped down as team manager, proved virtually irreplaceable. The unthinkable happened in 1973-74: United were relegated. Under Tommy Docherty, though, they bounced back within a season. Docherty"s exciting side reached successive FA Cup finals, winning the second, but he was promptly sacked for non-football reasons. With arch-rivals Liverpool now dominating English football, United endured a frusting decade in the 1980s, FA Cup victories failing to compensate for an inability to win the League. Alex Ferguson was appointed manager in succession to Ron Atkinsion in November 1986, and he too struggled to find the right formula at first. But FA Cup success in 1990 was followed by European Cup Winners" Cup victory in 1991, a near-miss in 1992 and then, in the inaugural season of the Premier League, the elusive title. It marked the start of a remarkable hegemony over English football by United that spanned the 1990s and continued into the new century. Ferguson"s sides - inspired and embellished by the likes of Eric Cantona, Peter Schmeichel, Mark Hughes, Paul Ince, Denis Irwin, Steve Bruce, Gary Pallister, Roy Keane, Ryan Giggs, David Beckham, Paul Scholes, Roy Keane, Nicky Butt, Gary Neville, Ruud van Nistelrooy and Ole Gunnar Solskjaer - have won nine of the 15 Premiership titles so far contested. They've also won three domestic Doubles including, in 1999, an unprecedented Treble of Premiership, FA Cup and European Cup. Between 1997 and 2004, Arsenal emerged as United"s most consistent rivals, the two clubs sharing the title in alternate seasons during the last four of those campaigns. But then Chelsea became the team to beat. United are almost always a potent force and likely to remain so for the foreseeable future. Indeed, their remarkable success had made them world football's wealthiest club until Roman Abramovich bought Chelsea. United remain a marketing giant with the capacity to generate huge revenues around the world. Their financial muscle was flexed in the summer of 2007 when, as newly-crowned champions, they were the Premier League's biggest spenders, laying out more than £50 million on new players to help them stay on top.

Trophy Cabinet

Premier League: Champions: 1992-93, 1993-94, 1995-96, 1996-97, 1998-99, 1999-2000, 2000-01, 2002-03, 2006-07, 2007-08. (Runners-Up: 1994-95, 1997-98, 2001-02, 2005-06)

Football League Division 1: Champions: 1907-08, 1910-11, 1951-52, 1955-56, 1956-57, 1964-65, 1966-67. (Runners-Up: 1946-47, 1947-48, 1948-49, 1950-51, 1958-59, 1963-64, 1967-68, 1979-80, 1987-88, 1991-92)

Division 2: Champions: 1935-36, 1974-75. (Runners-Up: 1896-97, 1905-06, 1924-25, 1937-38)

FA Cup: Winners: 1909, 1948, 1963, 1977, 1983, 1985, 1990, 1994, 1996, 1999, 2004. (Runners-Up: 1957, 1958, 1976, 1979, 1995, 2005, 2007).

Football League Cup: Winners: 1992, 2006 (Runners-Up: 1983, 1991, 1994, 2003).

European Cup: Winners: 1968, 1999.

European Cup Winners' Cup: Winners: 1991

Super Cup: Winners: 1991. (Runners-Up: 1999)

Inter-Continental Cup: Winners: 1999. (Runners-Up: 1968)



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